Overview of Sucralfate for Dogs and Cats
- Sucralfate, commonly known by the brand name Carafate®, is used in the treatment and prevention of oral (mouth), esophagus (food tube), stomach and intestinal ulcers in dogs and cats.
- Stomach ulcers and erosions are relatively common complications of kidney failure, bloat (of the stomach), treatment with steroids, administration of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and primary diseases of the stomach. Frequently, drug therapy is necessary to heal ulcers and prevent further problems.
- Sucralfate is an anti-ulcer drug useful for the treatment and prevention of gastric (stomach) and intestinal ulcers.
- The exact way by which sucralfate prevents ulcers is unknown. It is thought, however, that sucralfate reacts with hydrochloric acid in the stomach, forming a paste-like substance that binds to ulcerated areas. This acts to protect the area from other stomach acids, serving as a gastric “Band-Aid.”
- Sucralfate is a prescription drug and can only be obtained from a veterinarian or by prescription from a veterinarian.
- This drug is not approved for use in animals by the Food and Drug Administration but it is prescribed legally by veterinarians as an extra-label drug.
Brand Names and Other Names of Sucralfate
- This drug is registered for use in humans only.
- Human formulations: Carafate® (Hoechst Marion Roussel)
- Veterinary formulations: None
Uses of Sucralfate for Dogs and Cats
- Sucralfate is used in the treatment and prevention of oral (mouth), esophagus (food tube), stomach and intestinal ulcers.
- Sucralfate promotes healing in animals with ulcers or erosions (shallow depressions in the stomach lining).
- Sucralfate may be useful in preventing gastritis (stomach inflammation) caused by ulcerogenic drugs (such as aspirin).
- Another use is in the management of acid reflux disease to reduce injury to the esophagus.
Precautions and Side Effects
- While generally safe and effective when prescribed by a veterinarian, sucralfate can cause side effects in some animals.
- Sucralfate should not be used in animals with known hypersensitivity or allergy to the drug.
- Sucralfate may interact with other medications. Consult with your veterinarian to determine if other drugs your pet is receiving could interact with sucralfate. Such drugs include tetracycline, cimetidine and digoxin.
- Sucralfate can cause mild constipation (usually temporary).
How Sucralfate Is Supplied
- Sucralfate is available in 1 gram (1,000 mg) scored tablets.
- Sucralfate is also available in a 1g/10 ml suspension.